India ranks first in the world in milk production, which went up from 17 million tonnes in 1950-51 to 121.84 million tonnes in 2010-11. The per capita availability of milk has also increased from 112 grams per day in 1968-69 to 281 grams in 2010-11. The world average per capita availability was 284 grams per day in 2009-10 compared to 273 grams per day for India.
The Indian dairy sector acquired substantial growth momentum from the Ninth Plan onwards, achieving an annual output of 121.84 million tones of milk during 2010-11. This represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for the growing population of the country.
Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural families and has assumed an important role in providing employment and income-generating opportunities next to agriculture.