Its entire potash requirement, about 90 per cent of phosphatic requirement, and 20 per cent urea requirement is met through imports.
In addition to urea, 25 grades of P & K fertilizers namely di ammonium phosphate (DAP), muriate of potash (MOP), mono-ammonium phosphate (MAP), triple super phosphate (TSP), ammonium sulphate (AS), single super phosphate (SSP) and 18 grades of NPKS complex fertilizers are provided to farmers at subsidized prices under the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Policy.
Farmers pay only 50 per cent of the delivered cost of P & K fertilizers, the rest is borne by the Government of India in the form of subsidy.
The Government has also included seven new grades of NPKS complex fertilizers under the NBS Policy. At present 25 grades of P & K fertilizers are under the NBS Policy.
The domestic production of urea in the year 2010-11 was 218.80 lakh MT as compared to 211.12 lakh MT in 2009-10. The production of DAP decreased sharply in 2010-11 to 35.37 lakh MT.