The domestic health care sector is poised to touch US$ 100 billion by 2015 and US$ 275.6 billion by 2020, according to industry estimates. In 2013, healthcare and life sciences emerged as the second favourite destination for venture capital after technology, attracting 27 investments worth US$ 181 million, according to a research report.
The hospital and diagnostics centre in India received foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 2,191.91 million, while drugs & pharmaceutical and medical & surgical appliances industry registered FDI worth US$ 11,583.69 million and US$ 741.80 million, respectively during April 2000 to December 2013, according to data provided by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). Medical tourism also referred as medical travel, health tourism or global healthcare is growing at a rapid phase in India in the recent years thanks to globalization. Many multi-specialty hospitals, ayurvedic centres, holistic medicine centres and health spas have sprung up along the length and breadth of India in recent years taking the Indian healthcare industry to newer heights.
Majority of foreign tourists came to Indian shores seeking liver transplant, heart surgeries like bypass or pacemaker, bone marrow transplant, hip replacement, knee replacement, eye surgeries, etc. Indian expertise in conducting these surgeries with most advanced technology is at par or sometimes even beyond comparison with its American or European counterparts. Medical tourists visiting India are anticipated to touch 3,200,000 by 2015 and medical tourism is expected to grow at an annual rate of 30 per cent till 2015. India's decision to offer visa-on-arrival to citizens of 180 countries will be a boom for the medical tourism industry in the country. Health tourism is gaining momentum in India. The health tourism industry in India could become a US$ 5 billion business by 2015, as per a McKinsey study. The Government of India has allocated Rs 67,398 crore (US$ 11.05 billion) to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) and Rs 33,725 crore (US$ 5.53 billion) to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare under the Union Budget 2014-15.