The Indian silk industry is one of the major generators of employment and foreign exchange for the country. India enjoys a unique position in terms of producing commercial silk globally.
The states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Jammu & Kashmir are the major producers of mulberry silk in India. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and the North-eastern states produce non-mulberry or wild silks.The silk production in the country increased to 26,480 million tonnes (MT) by end of 2013-14 from 23,679 MTs during 2012-13. In India, the silk industry generates employment for approximately 7.6 million. In April-November 2014-15, the total earnings from silk and silk-goods exports stood at US$ 1,832.07 million, compared to US$ 1,505.91 million in the corresponding period of 2013-14.
The readymade garments of silk formed the largest segment, generating around 58 per cent of the export earnings from silk, while natural silk yarn, fabrics and made-ups accounted for around 38 per cent of the silk export earnings.The US and the UAE are the major export destinations for Indian silk goods, generating combined earnings of around US$ 127.56 million in 2013-14.
The UK, France, Italy, Germany and China are the other major export destinations. During April-November 2014-15, the total earnings from silk and silk-goods exports stood at US$ 1,832.07 million.