India is the world's second biggest sugar producer. India's share in global sugar production in 2022 is forecast at 15 per cent at around 32 million tonnes. Sugar production in the period 2015-16 is estimated to be around 26 million tonnes (mt), about two mt less than last year. The drop has been mainly due to extended dry weather in Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Consumption in 2015-16 is estimated to be 25 mt. The country had produced 28.1 mt of sugar in 2015. Maharashtra, the country's leading sugar producing state, has projected sugar output to decline to 8.6 mt in the 2015-16 marketing year, compared with 10.51 mt last year.
The sugarcane production declined to 341.43 mt in 2015-16 crop year (July-June), as against 359.3 mt in the last year. Sugar output is estimated at a record 28.3 million tonnes in the marketing year ending September 2015, up from 24.3 million tonnes in the previous year.
Annual demand is pegged at 24.5 million tonnes. There are 716 installed sugar factories in the country as in January 2016, with sufficient crushing capacity to produce around 330 lakh MT of sugar. This comprises both private and co-operative units.