Indian Languages
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Indian Language Indian Language


S.no
Language
Family
Script(s) Used
Speakers (Million)
Where Spoken
1.
Assamese Language
Assamese which is actually known as Asamiya is a state language spoken in the state of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and also in Bangladesh & Bhutan. Nearly 15 to 20 million people speak the language of Assamese.
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Indo-European
Assamese
15 to 20
Assamese language
Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Bangladesh and Bhutan
2
Bengali Language
Bengali or Bangla language is native to Bengal, Bangladesh and parts of the Indian states like Tripura and Assam. It is an eastern Indo-Aryan language written in the Bengali script.
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Indo-European
Bengali
215
Bengali Language
Bengal, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh and Eastern parts of India
3
Gujarati Language
The language of Gujarati also known as Gojarati or Gujerati is the official language of the State of Gujarat. The language is named after the Gurjar/Gujar community people who are said to have settled in the region.
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Indo-European
Gujarati
46.1
Gujarati Language
Gujarat, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
4
Hindi Language
Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language and about 487 million people speak the language. It was originally written with the Brahmi script, but since the 11th century AD, it has been written with the Devanagari alphabet.
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Indo-European
Devanagari
487
Hindi Language
North and Central India
5
Kannada Language
The origin of Kannada language, also known as kannarese, can be traced to the early Christian era. Kannada is one of the most well known Dravidian languages of India.
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Dravidian
Kannada
35
Kannada Language
Karnataka
6
Kashmiri Language
Kashmiri language, popularly known as Koshur, is spoken primarily in the Kashmir Valley of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. India has about 5 million plus people speaking this language in and around Kashmir.
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Indo-European
Dardic
5.5
Kashmiri Language
Jammu and Kashmir
7
Malayalam Language
Malayalam is the native language of the South Indian state of Kerala and the Lakshadweep Islands in the west coast of India. Malayalam is spoken by 4% of India's population.
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Dravidian
Malayalam
33
Malayalam Language
Kerala, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
8
Marathi Language
Marathi is the language spoken primarily by the native people of Maharashtra, a state of Indian sub continent. There are about 90 million people who speak Marathi worldwide.
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Indo-European
Devanagari
72
Marathi Language
Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka
9
Odiya Language
The language Odiya belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. Odiya, Bengali, Assamese and Maithili all come from the same Eastern Magadhi Apabhramsa.
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Indo-European
Odiya
33
Oriya Language
Odisha
10
Punjabi Language
Punjabi is one of the Indian languages that belongs to the outer-circle of the Indo-Aryan languages. It is distantly associated with English which is a member of the same Indo-European language family.
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Indo-European
Gurumukhi
103
Punjabi Language
Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab
11
Sanskrit Language
Sanskrit is a classical Indian language. The name Sanskrit means "refined", "sacred" and "sanctified". Hence, Sanskrit was not thought of as a specific language but as a refined or perfected sacred tongue.
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Indo-European
Devanagari, various Brahmi -based script
0.01
Sanskrit Language
Non-regional
12
Sindhi Language
Sindhi is the language of the Sindh region of Pakistan. It is estimated that about 34 million people in Pakistan speak this language. Being the third most spoken language in all of Pakistan.
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Indo-European
Arabic, Devanagari, Landa scripts
2.5
Sindhi Language
Non-regional, Pakistan
13
Tamil Language
The name Tamil is a little differently pronounced anglicized version of the three letter native name of the Dravidian language spoken mainly by people of Tamilnadu, a state in the Indian subcontinent.
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Dravidian
Tamil
78
Tamil Language
Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Sri Lanka, Malaysia
14
Telugu Language
Telugu is a one of the four Dravidian languages of South India. It is a luxuriously and ornately developed language. It is the official language of Andhra Pradesh .
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Dravidian
Telugu
74
Telugu Language
Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry
15
Urdu Language
Urdu belongs to the Indo-Aryan family of languages. Urdu by origin is considered to be a descendent of Saur Senic Prakrit.Urdu vocabulary contains approximately 70% Farsi and the rest being a mix of Arabic and Turkish.
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Indo-European
Nastaliq
104
Urdu Language
Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan