In and Around Jagannath Temple
Who build the Temple and when
Jagannath Puri represents one of the four peethas established by Sankaracharya, the other ones being Sringeri in south India, Dwarka in Saurashtra, and Badrinath in the Himalayas. The great Ramananda of the 14th century - a follower of the Sri Vaishnava religious leader Ramanuja, is also associated with the Jagannath temple.
Structurally the temple consists of four chambers. The outermost is called the Bhogmandir, the next is the Nata-mandir pillared hall for music and dance, then the next is the Jagamohana - or the mandapa where devotees gather for worship and the last is the sanctum or the Deul enshrining the deities.
Significance of the Temple
An interesting legend which is associated with the Jagannatha temple of Puri Conveys that it is said that King Indradyumna, the ruler of the territory, saw Lord Jagannath in his dreams and according to the Lord's wishes, as told to him in his dreams, he got the Jagannath Puri Temple constructed. The temple is Situated in the heart of the holy city and is been visited by devotees from farthest corners of India as well as the world. Its tall spires lend it a magnificent aura and the walls are embellished with exquisite carvings.
Time to VisitThe Jagannathji temple gets open at 5am and is open till midnight. At 1 in noon the gates are closed for about a half an hour.
The best time to visit the temple is during the Rath-Yatra. Otherwise devotees can visit Puri Jagannath during Oct.-April.
There would be elaborate worship services which are carried out throughout the day here. There are as many as 24 festivals each year being celebrated the most important one of them being the Rath Yatra which is the famous Chariot festival in the month June - July. The spectacular chariot festival involves the lord's procession of three colossal chariots bearing the images of Jagannath, Balarama and Subhadra through the streets of city of Puri.
Jagannathji's chariot is a 35 feet square which rises to a height of 45 feet, with 16 wheels, 7 feet in diameter. There are would be More than 4000 people to drag the chariot. Hundreds of thousands gather from all over the country to witness this auspicious festival. The chariot is dragged to the deity's summer abode where the deities are worshipped for a week, and then a re-enactment of the chariot festival, where they are brought back in procession happens. New chariots are made each year.
Rules and Rituals of the temples
- The different rituals carried in the Jagannath Temple are the "DWARPHITA & MANGAL ALATI " which is at 5 A.M. Soon after the opening of the door the sacred lamps is offered to the deities which is called "Mangal Alati".
- Then later "MAILAM" is done at 6 A.M. The word "Mailam" is used in Shri Jagannath Temple, which means change or removal of dresses and flowers etc. during time some specific sevaks change the clothes, flowers, Tulasi leaves of the deities worn on the previous night.
- Then "ABAKASH" is done from 6 A.M. TO 6.30 A.M. Which are the Purificatory rites like brushing of teeth and bath is known as "Abakash ".
- "SAHANAMELA " from 7A.M. TO 8 A.M. Though this is not a part of the rituals, but about one hour is been spent to facilitate pilgrims to go up to "Ratnavedi” or inner sanctums to have a Darshan, without paying fees for it.
- " BESHALAGI " is done at 8 A.M. After Sahanamela the deities are again been dressed up which can be witnessed from a little distance i.e." Bhitara Katha ".
- ROSHA HOMA, SURYA PUJA, AND DWARAPAL PUJA are done from 8 A.M. to 8.30 A.M. While some sevayats would be busy with vesha lagi of the Deities, Pujapandas at that time perform "Rosha Homa "(Fire Sacrifice) are at the kitchen and "Surya puja "at the surya temple near "Mukti Mandap ".
- GOPALA BALLAVA PUJA - 9 A.M. (which is the Breakfast of the God) the prescribed time for this is 9 A.M. This is the time for breakfast of the deities
- Then SAKALA DHUPA (MORNING FOOD OFFERING) 10 A.M. At this time puja jrtr is performed by three main Pujapandas with 16 Upachars or Sodasha Upachars.
- MAILAM & BHOGA MANDAP: 11 A.M. After Morning Dhupa or Puja the Deities changed their Clothes "and again Puja takes places in "Bhoga Mandap ", a place behind the Garuda pillar of Jagamohan.
- MADHYANHA DHUPA (Afternoon food offering) 11A.M. to 1 P.M. Like Sakal Dhupa, this puja is also performed with Sodasa Upachar in the afternoon.
- MADHYANHA PAHUDHA 1 P.M. to 1.30 P.M. If rituals have been performed in time and if time permits, the Deities retire for the afternoon.
- SANDHYA ALATI In the evening again sacred lamps are offered to the deities after Madhyana Dhupa Mailam. 14. SANDHYA DHUPA - 7 P.M. to 8 P.M.
Accommodation Facilities at the TemplePuri, the land of Lord Jagannathji is been well known for its pristine beaches, colorful festivals, and the numerous points of tourist attraction. Every year millions of tourists across this globe come here for leisure, pleasure and devotion. The Jagannathji Temple Administration has keeping in mind the needs of the devotees, has come up with "Nilachal Bhakta Nivas” a brand new guest house. Right on the Grand Road and adjacent to the temple, the guest house has great locational advantages. It is only minutes away from the railway station, bus stop and the beach.
|One can pick from a range of luxury and budget hotels in Puri. Besides, star categorized hotels around the in Puri offer excellent view of the landmarks through their suites. Most of the places to stay and explore in Puri are located in the pilgrim centers or near the railway station which is very much facilitated.||Nearby tourist places to Jagannath temple
How to reach the Temple
- Through Air the city of Puri can be reached by air as its nearest airport is in Bhubaneswar which 56 km away. There are Regular buses and trains service is available from Bhubaneswar to Puri.
- Through Rail the Puri railway station is a major railway station and is well connected with almost all the major cities of India.
- Through Roadwaysthe city of Puri is connected with Bhubaneshwar, Konark, Berhampur, Taptapani, Sambalpur and Kolkata by road.