INTRODUCTIONChidambaram which sprawls over an area of 5 sq. km, is a small town situated in the east central part of Tamil Nadu at a distance of 250kms away from the state capital, Chennai.Chidambaram literally means sky infused with an atmosphere of intelligence and wisdom derived from the words 'Chit' and 'Ambaram'.It is a very famous pilgrim spot for the worshippers of Lord Shiva. Chidambaram is noted in the history especially for its renowned Dravidian style of temple architecture and the town was initially the northern frontier of the ancient Chola kingdom. The place is also known for its culture and tradition.
IDEAL TIME TO VISITThe ideal time to visit Chidambaram is between the months of February to June.
HISTORYChidambaram is also popularly known by the name Thillai for in olden days it was more of a forest with a variety known as thillai which is a species of mangrove trees. History dates back to a small shrine on the bank of a tank where the two renowned saints Vyagrapada and Patanjali were worshipped. This place is now referred by the name Thirumoolanathar.The act of self-mortification of these two saints was accomplished, where Lord Shiva was very pleased and it is believed that on the day of Thai Poosam Lord Nataraja revealed himself by his cosmic dance. Later in this place a golden hall of dance was built by Jatavarman Sundra Pandya (AD 1251-1272) and was covered with gold plates.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
The other festivals celebrated here are Markazhi Thiruvadhirai in the months of December - January and Adi Thirumanjanam in June. The festival of Panguni Uthiram is also celebrated here during March.
PLACES OF INTERESTS
The Nataraja Temple
So in order to cool her down Lord Nataraja performed the tandava dance here. It is said that people who make a visit to the Nataraja temple should also visit the Thillaikaliamman Temple.
Deva Sabha and Raja Sabha
The main feature of the Raja Sabha is that it is a thousand-pillared pavilion where the Pandyas and the Cholas celebrate their victory and also thank Lord Natraja for their success.
The other festivals were conducted and celebrated in the Deva Sabha.
This was one of the hot place for ancient tamil literature. The gallery portrays more scenes and articles related to the famous literature Silapathikaram.
Gangaikonda Cholapuram houses a temples of Lord Shiva which is noted for its beautiful sculptures.
This place is situated at a distance of about 42 km from Chidambaram.
This place is filled with lot of tourism resources providing scope for other entertainments like boating and water sports like parasailing, rowing and canoeing.
The Pichavaram backwater is interconnected by the Vellar and Kollidam.
Kalvarayan HillsThe Kalvarayan hills which sprawls over an area of about 600 sq. kms is situated at an altitude from 315 mts. to 1190 mts.The Kalvarayan hills falls under the Kallakurichi Taluk and is situated 150 kms north west of Chidambaram.It is an ideal place to go on trekking. The other attraction here is the botanical garden with two other waterfalls. In the month of May there is a summer festival held here.
most important building which housed the top echelons of the Danish officials. Apart from the ramparts, the rest of the buildings are in good condition.
4.Akshaya Hotel - 17/18 E Car Street
5.Bhagyalakshmi Hotel - South Car Street
8.Hotel Anu Pallavi
The airports at Tiruchirapalli (195 km) and Chennai (245 km) are the nearest airports from Chidambaram. From Tiruchirapalli, Indian Airlines flights can be taken to Chennai (Madras). Chennai is connected to all the major cities in India and abroad through regular flights.
Chidambaram is located on the Madras-Tiruchirapalli main line of the Southern Railway. It is connected with Tiruchirapalli, Madras, Madurai (335 km), Rameswaram (575 km), Bangalore (340 km), and Tirupati (290 km).
There are frequent bus services available to various places in Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Pondicherry states from Chidambaram. Non-stop bus services and express bus services are also available to major cities like Chennai.