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Indian Bison

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Gaur commonly known as Indian Bison is the majorly spotted species in India. This species with the zoological name Bos gaurus falls under the genus Bos.

The classification is as below,

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Bovidae
Genus Bos
Species B.gaurus

Gaur has a body length of about 250 to 330 cms with a shoulder height of 165 to 220 cm, and length of the tail is about 70 to 105 cms. Males weighs about 1,000 – 1,500 kilograms and females weigh about 700 – 1000 kilograms.

The length of the horns is about 60 to 115 cm (24 to 45 in).Both males and females carry horns, which grow from the sides of the head. Horns are curved upwards. Horns are regularly curved throughout their length, and they are bent inward and slightly backward at their tips. The color of the horn is pale green or yellow throughout the greater part of their length.

Physical Structure

The Gaur is a large and dark-coated forest animal. It is the largest species of wild cattle bigger than the African buffalo and Bison. Gaur looks like water buffalo at the front and domestic cattle at the back. They are the heaviest and powerful of all wild cattle.

Females are substantially smaller, and their dorsal ridges and dewlaps are less developed. The dark brown coat is short and dense. There is a dewlap under the chin which extends between the front legs. There is a shoulder hump, especially pronounced in adult males.

Male gaurs have distinctive dorsal ridges and large dewlaps. In females, these dorsal ridges and dewlaps are less developed.

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