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Camel

Introduction
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The Indian Camel or dromedary camel with the zoological name "Camelus dromedarius" is one of the camel species present in India with a single hump.

It is of the order Artiodactyla and the family Camelidae. There is another subspecies of the camel named "Bactrian Camel" (Camelus bactrianus) existing in the parts of central and East Asia with two humps.

It is a domesticated animal and often called as "The Ship of the Desert" or "The Beast of Burden". The term "Camel" is derived from an Arabian word signifying beauty.

Physical Structure

The Indian or dromedary camel is an even-toed hoofed animal and it distinguishes from other camel species with its single hump containing fatty materials, long-curved neck, and deep narrow chest. The light brown colored hair seems to be longer on the throat, shoulder and hump when compared to other the parts. The herd of camel may consist of one male, one or more females and their young ones. The herd count may vary from 2 to 20.

The humps are believed to store water which is absolutely false and it's just a reservoir to store fatty deposits. The fat present in the hump helps the animal to minimize the heat spreading throughout the body which makes their life feasible in the desert regions. The heat trapped by this causes metabolization and acts as a main source of energy and yields 1g of water for each 1g of fat by the reaction with oxygen present in air.

The thick fur present all over the body is another adaptation that helps them to live in desert areas. Their ability to survive long periods with less amount of water is due to a sequence of physiological adaptations unlike other mammals. Their cells are structured in such a way to adapt such physiological changes.



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