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The Indian Rhinoceros or Asian One-horned Rhinoceros or Greater One-horned Rhinoceros with the scientific

name Rhinoceros unicornis is the fourth or fifth largest of all the land animals.

Rhinoceros falls under the Rhinocerotidae family and order Perissodactyla. It is primarily spotted in the North-eastern India and the largest species among three other Rhino species which is widely spread around Asia.

Physical Structure

The skin of Indian Rhinoceros has a thick coat with the folds looking like plates of armor colored with silver brown or grayish and less body hair. The flexible skin between the armor helps to move from one place to another. They are distinct with other Rhino species by the single horn comprised of compressed keratin which is basically present in hair and fingernail. The shoulders and the upper part of the legs have wart-like bumps. They are characterized with wart-like bumps in the shoulder; neck and upper part of the legs which differentiate them from the Javan Rhino. The semi-prehensile lip helps Indian Rhino to feed on a wide variety of food like grasses, leaves, branches, aquatic plants and fruits.

Male Rhinos are larger than females. The Rhinoceros weighs about 1,800-3,000 kilogram (4,000-6,600 pounds) with the height ranging from 1.70 meter (5.70 feet) to 2 meter (6.5 feet). The girth or length of the body and head ranges from 3 meter to 3.8 meter (10feet to 12.5 feet). The horn is 8 to 24 inches (0.20 to 0.60 meter) in length. They are strong swimmers with the speed of 55km/hr and spend most of their time in water or mud holes to combat the heat during the hottest season. They possess a good hearing and smelling sense but have a poor vision. It has strong incisor teeth and two long canine teeth in its lower jaw.

Distribution and Habitat

Indian rhinos are spotted primarily in parts of north-eastern parts of the Indian subcontinent, in protected areas in the Terai at the foot of Himalayas, through the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The majority of around 2,000 to 3,000 rhinos are found in Assam, an Indian state.

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