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The Jerdon's Courser with the binomial name Rhinoptilus bitorquatus is a nocturnal bird belonging to the family Glareolidae native to India.
The family Glareolidae includes two groups namely coursers and pratincoles. The bird was discovered by Thomas C. Jerdon, a surgeon-naturalist in the year of 1848.
After many years it was rediscovered in the year of 1986 by an ornithologist Bharat Bhushan in Reddipalli village, Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh. The bird family contains 17 species, 8 species out of which are found in the Indian subcontinent. This courser bird is a resident of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh. The quick classification of Jerdon's Courser is as below,
Physical Characteristics:Jerdon courser is a grey brown bird with large eyes, arched bill and the nostrils are present at the base of the bill. They have two brown breast bands bordered with black color. It has a blackish crown, a narrow white crown stripe traversing from the top of the head, yellow base to the black bill, dark cheek patch, an orange-chestnut throat patch and broad buff supercilium.
During the flight it renders a black tail, black flight feathers and a prominent white wing bar.