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Sarus Crane

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The Sarus Crane with the scientific name of Grus Antigone is one of the large non-migratory cranes found in the world.

It falls under the family Gruidae and is one among the fifteen species of cranes.

The quick classification of this sarus crane is given below,

 Kingdom   Animalia 
 Phylum   Chordata 
 Class   Aves 
 Order   Gruiformes 
 Family   Gruidae 
 Genus   Grus 
 Species   Grus antigone 

Physical Characteristics:

The adult Sarus Crane is one of the birds in the world which has a very large body. It has wings which are in grey colour. It has a bare red head. Its upper neck parts are also in red colour and have a grayish crown. And it also has a long pointed bill which is greenish-grey in colour. During the flight, its long neck is held straight, and the wing tips of this bird can be seen in black colour; the crane's long pink legs trail behind them. This sarus crane has a grey ear covert patch. Juveniles of these species also have a yellowish base to the bill and the brown-grey head which is fully feathered.

During the breeding season, the bare red skin of the adult birds' head and neck becomes brighter and the skin becomes rough and covered by papillae. Narrow area behind and around the head is covered by black bristly feathers. Both sexes of these species do not differ in plumage. But,on average male birds are larger than the female birds.

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