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Various Civilizations || Muslim Invasions || Encounters With The West of India || Legends Behind Indian States || Presidents Of India || Prime Ministers Of India


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KEY KEY YEARS IN THE HISTORY OF INDIA


2500-1500 B.C
:
Indus Valley civilization.
1500-200 B.C
:

Aryan civilization.

2000-1000 B.C
:

Composition of the Upanishads and the great Epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana.

600-500 B.C
:

Mahavir and Buddha lay down the principles of Jainism and Buddhism.

326 B.C
:

Alexander, The Great invades India

320 B.C
:

Chandragupta Maurya finds the Mauryan Dynasty.

273 B.C
:

Asoka ascends the throne of Magadha.

261 B.C
:

The Great Kalinga War that transforms Asoka.

60 B.C
:

Rise of the Satavahana Dynasty.

1-100 A.D
:

Jews and Apostle St.Thomas arrive in the Malabar Coast.

78A.D
:

The Saka era begins.

120-144A.D
:

Rule of the Kushan king, Kaniskha.

320A.D
:

Chandragupta 1 finds the Gupta Dynasty

360 A.D
:

Samudragupta establishes a large Empire-the whole of northern India up to the Deccan.

375- 413A.D
:

Reign of Chandragupta 11,the golden age of Indian culture and literature.

405-11A.D
:

Fahien visits India.

1000 A.D
:

Founding of the Chola empire by Rajaraja Chola.

1026 A.D
:

Mahmud of Ghazni ransacks the Somnath temple.

1192 A.D
:

Muhammad Ghori defeats Prithiviraj. Paves way for Muslim rule.

1206 A.D
:

Mahmud of Ghazni ransacks the Somnath temple.

1288 A.D
:

Fall of the Slave Dynasty; Beginning of the Khilji Dynasty.

1483-1530 A.D
:

Mahmud of Ghazni ransacks the Somnath temple.

1483-1530 A.D
:

Reign of Mughal emperor Babur.

1498 AD
:

Vascodagama lands at Calicut.

1469-1538 A.D
:

Time of Guru Nanak,the founder of Sikkhism.

1510 A.D
:

Goa captured by Portuguese.

1526 A.D
:

First battle of Panipat.Babar defeats the Lodis and establishes Mughal rule.

1556 A.D
:

Accession of Akbar.

1600 A.D
:

East India Company formed.

1632-1653 A.D
:

Shah Jahan builds the Taj Mahal.

1664 A.D
:

Shivaji becomes king in Delhi.

1739 A.D
:

Nadir Shah invades Delhi.

1742 A.D
:

French rule consolidated in Pondicherry.

1757 A.D
:

Battle of Plassey.

1831 A.D
:

Ranjit Singh mobilizes the power of Sikhs.

1834-35 A.D
:

Lord William Bentick becomes the first Governor General of India.

1853 A.D
:

First Railway between Bombay and Thana.

1857 A.D
:

The Sepoy Mutiny.

1858 A.D
:

Government of India passes from East India Company to the British Crown.

1885 A.D
:

Indian National Congress born.

1906 A.D
:

Founding of the Muslim League.

1911 A.D
:

Capital of India shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.

1920 A.D
:

Non-cooperation movement begins.

1930 A.D
:

Mahatma Gandhi leads the Dandi march in Ahmedabad.

1931A.D
:

Inauguration of New Delhi.

1947 A.D
:

India gets freedom. Nehru is India's new Prime Minister.

1948 A.D
:

Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated in Delhi.

1950 A.D
:

India becomes a Republic.

1965 A.D
:

Hindi proclaimed the National language.

1966-1977 A.D
:

Indira Gandhi is India's Prime Minister.

1965-1971 A.D
:

Indo- Pakistan clashes

1962 A.D
:

Indo-China war.

1966 A.D
:

Indira Gandhi comes to power.

1975 A.D
:

Emergency declared by Indira Gandhi.

1984 A.D
:

Indira Gandhi assassinated by her bodyguard. Rajiv Gandhi, Indira's son takes over.

1989 A.D
:

General elections, V.P. Singh becomes the Prime Minister.

1991 A.D
:

Rajiv Gandhi assassinated during election campaign, Narasimha Rao becomes the Prime minister.

1992 A.D
:

Babri Masjid brought down. Riots followed in the whole of North India.

1996 A.D
:

National Front comes to power.

1999 A.D
:

BJP wins the elections and are ruling the country till date.

2000 A.D
:

US President Bill Clinton makes groundbreaking visit to India to improve ties.

2001 A.D
:

Massive earthquakes hit western state of Gujarat, leaving at least 30,000 dead.

2002 A.D
:

Retired Scientist and architect of India's missile programme APJ Abdul Kalam elected president.

2003 A.D
:

India, Pakistan agree to resume direct air links and to allow overflights.

2004 A.D
:

Congress wrestles power from the BJP headed by Sonia Gandhi. Manmohan takes in the Prime Minsiters Seat. Former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao dies, aged 83.