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Elephant

Introduction
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Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is the largest terrestrial wildlife of India.

The Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three familiar subspecies of the Asian elephant (Elephas Maximus), and native to mainland Asia. It is of the order Proboscidea and the family Elephantidae. The other two sub species are E. m. sumatranus found in Sumatra and E. m. maximus found in Sri Lanka.

Physical Structure

Indian Elephants are the largest terrestrial mammals of all other mammals on the earth with the size of about 7 feet to 10 feet(2m to 3m) and weighs about 3,000 kg to 5,000 kg (6,500 lbs to 11,000 lbs). They are grey in color with hairless skin, a distinguishing long, flexible, prehensile trunk and large feet. The upper incisors could be seen in form of long curved tusks of ivory. The Indian elephant differs from, the African Elephants with the smaller ears. Majority of the Female Indian elephants do not have tusk.

Indian Elephants are very intelligent animals. They showcase their good problem solving skills often. Amidst all, the Indian elephants have very poor vision. Their small eyes have a vision length ranging from 30 to 60 feet. It also has a very good sense of touch. It also shows unbelievable balance when lifting large objects or when breaking the tree. It has the capability to distinguish between food that tastes good and food that tastes bad, as well as food that tastes preferable.

The Trunk: Elephants are gifted with multi purposeful or versatile trunks, which is the combination of over 100,000 muscles units that make it dexterous. This dexterity helps an elephant to pick up very small items and they intelligently use their trunks to perform wide variety of functions and to pick up large items. The trunk is boneless or with no cartilage except for a bit of cartilage at the bottom tip of the trunk which helps to separate the nostrils. Elephants use their trunks like a straw to suck water into the trunk and spurt it into their mouths. Females are usually smaller than males and can be easily distinguished by the two mammary glands located on the chest.




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