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The Impact of Waterborne Diseases On Kids' Health

The monsoon season heightens the risk of waterborne diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, and hepatitis A, especially impacting children with developing immune systems. These diseases, caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites in contaminated water, pose significant health threats, particularly in areas lacking access to clean water and proper sanitation. Sewage overflow and poor hygiene practices contribute to widespread contamination, complicating prevention efforts. Waterborne illnesses not only lead to severe dehydration and malnutrition in children but also contribute to long-term health issues and developmental setbacks, affecting school attendance and overall well-being.

Dr Ravi Shankerji, MBBS, MD, Internal Medicine, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Bangalore shares prevention tips for waterborne diseases in children:

Safe water consumption

Ensure safe drinking water for children to prevent waterborne diseases. Use boiled water or a water purifier to significantly reduce the risk of infection.

Maintain hygiene

Promote and teach good hygiene habits to children, such as washing hands and cleaning fruits and vegetables before eating. This reduces the risk of illnesses and prevents diarrhea.

Avoid Stagnant Water

Stagnant water breeds mosquitoes that cause dengue and malaria. Regularly change water in coolers and containers, and drain any items that hold water.

Proper nutrition and diet

Balanced nutrition and a good diet keep a child’s immune system strong. Besides seasonal fruits rich in Vitamin C, include leafy vegetables, homemade soups, whole grains, and lean proteins.

Parents should safeguard their children from mosquito bites by dressing them in full-sleeved clothing and applying mosquito repellent on exposed skin.

Vaccination offers effective protection against waterborne diseases like cholera and typhoid, but consulting a doctor beforehand is essential. Residents living near lakes or unsanitized areas should prioritize vaccination.

By following these steps and adopting practices such as drinking boiled water, maintaining hygiene, and eating a nutritious diet, the spread of monsoon infections can be effectively controlled. Ensuring children receive timely vaccinations is crucial for safeguarding their health during this season.

Source: news18

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