There are a number of games
that girls and women play in India and they vary from region to region and in
variety. The traditional games are played based upon the culture and traditions
of the region. Some games of girls are even centuries old. Girls are encouraged
to play various games as these develop strength, discipline, dedication and
good mental and moral make-up.
ARE COMING TO PICK BERRIES
of girls of around five or six stand facing each other. By the tossing of the
coin, who should start the game is decided. The girls of the starting group
join their hands and step towards the other group singing, "We are coming
to pick the berries, we are coming, and we are coming". Then they retrace
their path and go to their starting place. Now the second group come forward
singing," Who are you coming to take away?" And they retrace their
path too. The first group come again singing the same words and name the girl
in the opposite group say" Mary". The other group now sings, "They are going
to take Mary away". Now the girl named Mary leaves her group and comes in the
middle. Now another girl from the first group comes and fights with Mary and
both the girls join the group of the winning girl. This continues and the group,
which has the highest number of children, is the winner.
Many pairs can play this
game and at the same time the girls recite famous couplets belonging to their
native language. Two players play Phugadi, standing in front of each other.
They hold each other's hands crossing at wrists. Hands are held tight and straight
with body leaning backwards. Their left feet are near each other and rotate
only as they go round, while the right foot goes on banging and moving in a
speed as they go round and round.
Six to eight girls or women
can play this game. They should be in pairs. Same number of colored ropes must
be tied up high. Each one has one rope in her left hand. All of them stand in
a circle. In the right hand they hold a wooden baton. Then they go round in
circle, singing and hitting the wooden baton with the other girl once to the
right and then to the left. This gives a twist to the rope and ultimately it
twines into one thick rope. Later they go round in the opposite direction and
the rope is untwined.
This is an old traditional
game played by both rural and urban women. This game is also called Chausar
or Pachisi. This is played in cross -shaped board which has 8 squares on length
side and 3 cells on the width side, totaling 24 squares on each side. This is
played by four girls each sitting on the four sides. Each has 4 different colored
counters. This is played with dice and six cowrie shells. The center cell is
called charkoni. Each piece moves down the center line squares of its own side
and then makes a counter wise circuit of the board, traveling along the sides
of the others and again enters the center column to enter the charkoni. The
aim of the player is to get all his counters safely into the charkoni.
Scoring is done by throwing
the cowrie shells on the floor and counting the number of shells that fall face
up. During the travel, if the counter is not in the cell marked "X", it may
attack the counters. A captured counter has to begin its journey once again.
Women sit around on the
floor and toss brightly colored counters into the air and this is called Pacheta.
Then they try to catch as many as possible at the back of their hands. It is
a great competition with lots of excitement. It is also played during the marriage
day among the women who gather around.
This is an elaborate card
game that originated in the 8th century in Bengal. Women play this game in their
courtyards once their household chores are over in the afternoons without whiling
away their time sleeping. It is played with illustrated circular cards made
of lacquered paper or stiffened cloth. It consists of 96 cards, which are divided
into 8 suits, each representing a department of the king's court.
This is a game inspired
by the Chinese. Four players play this game. Each player has one wooden figure
of different color, red, yellow, green and blue. A huge dice which has two white
sides and the other four sides are colored, red, green, yellow and blue. The
object of the game is to bring ones wooden figure round the wooden board and
to the center. The board is as shown below. To begin each player places his
figure on the square of that particular color. Then one throws the dice. If
his particular color comes up then she can move her figure one place up or else
the game passes to the next. If the white color shows up, then the player gets
another chance to throw the dice but she can't move her piece. The game goes
on like this and the first one to move the figure around the board and into
the center square is the winner.