Deoghar town is located at 24.48° N 86.7°. It has an average elevation of 254 metres (833 feet).the Deoghar, the town, has a picturesque location. To the north of this town there is a wood called Data Jungle after a fakir, then to the north-west is a low wooded hill called Nandan Pahar and to the east about 10 miles away there is a low range of hills known as Tiur or Trikutaparvata. There are a number of small hills to the south-east, south and southwest. There are two rivulets Yamunajor and Dharua near the town. The countryside which lays around Deoghar has an attractive set-up with undulations, water courses and small hills.
Video - In and Deoghar Temple
Significance of the Temple
The climate is dry and congenial and Deoghar is still considered a health resort in spite of the great congestion particularly due to the temple of Baidyanath and the location of the criminal and civil courts and a very large number of Government establishments. This place is famous for the mela of Shrawan (a Hindu month). Approx. 10-20 lakhs worshipers come with holy water of Ganga from Sultangunj to present it to Shiva, which is almost 104 km from Deoghar. The human unbroken line of 104 km in red dress can been seen here in this month.
Deoghar or Vaidyanath Temple in Jharkhand is the most important Hindu pilgrimage site for the people of Jharkhand as well as Bihar. There are Lakhs of pilgrims who visit this place on foot traveling for around 100 km during the month of Shravan to pay their homage to Lord Shiva.
The Temple complex consists of 22 temples of which the biggest and the tallest at 72-ft is the Temple of Vaidyanath which is incarnation of lord Shiva that houses one of the 12 revered Twelve Jyotirlingas in and around the country. The Deoghar is considered as the most sacred place in Jharkhand. It holds great sanctity and austerity among Hindus because it is believed to be, the only kamana linga that means a lingam that has the power to fulfill all dreams. Every year, in the month of Shravan during the months of July-August, devotees undertake an arduous 100 km trek from Ajgaibinath (Sultanganj) to Baidyanath Dham. The pilgrimage ends at Basukhinath which is a hilly, scenic town about 43km from Deoghar. At the Deoghar Temple complex one can also visit the temples associated with tantric (acult) practices and Shakti worship like Ma Sandhya, Mansa, Ma Bagla and Ma Kamakhya. Even their exists the Naulakha Temple which is situated 1.5km from the Baidyanath Temple. The yoga centre (Ashram) at Rikhia is also worth a visit and is situated about 8Km from Deoghar.
Other places to Visit
The famous Sun Temple was built by Sanskriti Vihar headed by Sitaram Maroo. It is located at a distance of 40 kms on Ranchi Tata Road. It is built in the form of a Chariot embedded with 18 wheels drawn by 7 white horses. It is surrounded by a pond which is used by devotees during Chhath Puja for worshipping of Sun.
Angrabari (Amreshwar Dham)
It is a temple consisting of the deity of Lord Shiva, Ram and Sita, Hanuman and Ganesh. It is located near Khunti at a distance of about 40 kms from Ranchi.
The temple is 10 km apart from Ranchi town which was built in 1691 having resemblance with architectural style of Puri temple. The Rath yatra here similar to Puri is held every year.
Near by tourist places to Deoghar or Vaidyanath Temple
The nearest railway station is Baidyanathdham. There is a Jasidih junction which is about 7 km from Baidyanathdham railway station, which is on the main line of Howrah-Delhi route of Indian railway. It is about 223 km from Patna.
Through Airways the Ranchi airport is connected to major cities of India. Indian Airlines and many other airlines usually connect Ranchi with Delhi, Mumbai, Patna and Kolkata. Taxis and auto-rickshaws are very much available at the airport for transfer to the city.
Through Railways the trains of Ranchi on South-Eastern railway is connected to all parts of the country through several express and super-fast trains. The important trains are connecting Ranchi to major cities are Rajdhani Express and Sampark Kranti Express to Delhi, Howrah-Ranchi Shatabdi Express to Kolkata.
By Road Ranchi lies on the crossroads of National Highway Number 23 and 33. Therefore Ranchi is well connected to all parts of Jharkhand and other neigbouring parts of the country with good motorable roads. Road distances to some important cities from Ranchi are Jamshedpur (140 km), Patna (290 km), Kolkata (410 km) and Bhubaneswar (550 km).