INTRODUCTIONDwaraka is of mythological importance as it was the capital of Lord Krishna to where he had migrated from Mathura region. The original Dwaraka and four other succeeding it, are supposed to have been submerged by the sea. The present Dwaraka is the sixth city on the site. It is a sacred place and centre of pilgrimage for Hindus because of its association with Lord Krishna. Here Lord Krishna's birthday Janmashtami is celebrated with great religious fervor and gaiety.Adi Shankaracharya established the 'Dwaraka Peeth' for spreading the message of the Hindu gospel 'Ramayana' in Dwaraka.The great mystic Narsinh Mehta,Mirabai and the great saints Kabir and Nanak have also visited Dwaraka.
HISTORYThe city of Dwaraka renowned in myth and legend was once the capital of Lord Krishna's empire. He is believed to have settled here after leaving Mathura thousands of years ago. Its association with Lord Krishna gives it a sanctity that attracts millions of pilgrims even today.Dwaraka is one of the most important pilgrim centre for the Hindus for it is believed to be one among the seven sacred cities and one of the four dhams. Dwarakanath also referred by the name Trilok Sundar is believed to be built by Vajranabh, Lord Krishna's successor and great grandson. There are also legends which say that this temple was erected in one single day under Lord Krishna's direction. Also Lord Krishna wanted the people to leave Dwaraka when he was dying for the sea to engulf the city. That's why the legends say that original Dwaraka and four other succeeding it, are supposed to have been submerged by the sea. The present Dwaraka is the sixth city on the site.
LOCATIONDwarka is situated in the Saurashtra peninsula of the Arabian Sea. It is on the extreme western side of India in the state of Gujarat. It lies on 20°22' north latitude and 69°05' east longitude.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
JanmashtmiIt is the celebration of the birth of Lord Krishna. Devotees celebrate it with feasts and dances after the whole day fast. People go to temples, especially of Lord Krishna which are decorated for this day. This is celebrated in the month of August/September, is one of the major festival of Dwarka.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Rukmini Devi Temple
Cuttack Chandi temple
The main attraction of the temple is the paintings on the wall which depicts the life of Rukmini with Lord Krishna's.
Gomati Ghat Temples
The mandir is built in such a way any small sound made inside the premises will be echoed back. The main feature of the temple is both the walls and the ceilings carry beautiful carvings and hymns from Bhagavad-Gita Gita.This were built by the Birla group people in 1970.
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga Temple
The nearest airport from Dwarka is at Jamnagar, which is at a distance of around 145 kilometers from the city. There are regular flights from Mumbai to Jamnagar.
Rail network connects Dwarka and Jamnagar. Dwarka lies on the Western Railway route. The railway station at Dwarka lies on the Okha-Ahmedabad broad gauge railway line. It is at a distance of around 137 kilometers from Jamnagar, 378 kilometers from Ahmedabad and about 217 kms from Rajkot.
State highway connects Dwarka with Okha and Jamnagar. Private buses and State Transport buses are easily available for a comfortable travel to Dwarka, Gujarat.