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Great Hornbill

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Great Hornbill with the scientific name Buceros bicornis is a large bird of the hornbill family.

They are also known by other names like Great Indian Hornbill or Indian horn bill or concave-casqued hornbill or Great Pied Hornbill or Asian Hornbill.

This bird is found in various forests of India, Nepal, Sumatra and Malay Peninsula. This hornbill bird with the large bill is a state bird of various states like Kerala and Arunachal Pradesh of India. The quick classification of Great horn bill is as below,

Scientific Classification

 Kingdom   Animalia  
 Phylum   Chordata 
 Class   Aves 
 Order   Coraciiformes 
 Family   Bucerotidae 
 Genus   Buceros 
 Species   B. bicornis 

Physical Characteristics:

The Great Hornbill is a heavier bird with very large bill and the top of the bill is colored with bright yellow and black casque. The body is brightly colored with yellow due to gland oil. The casque looks U-shaped and is concave when viewed from the front and the top with two ridges along the sides that create points in the front.The body is colored black with white feathers on the neck, flight feathers and wings.

The casque is hollow and is believed to be the result of sexual selection. They have high pneumatized bones with hollow air cavities. Male hornbills tend to indulge in aerial casque butting, with birds striking each other during flight.The flight has stiff flaps followed by glides.

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