Stephen Paul Fleming
Stephen Paul Fleming was born on 1 April 1973 in Christchurch, New Zealand is a New Zealand cricketer, and the ex- captain of the New Zealand national cricket team, known as the Black Caps, in Test and one-day cricket. Notorious for his incisive tactical abilities, he is New Zealand's most capped test player with 111 appearances, longest-serving and most flourishing captain, having led the side to 28 victories and having won Test match series' against India, England, West Indies, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe. He withdrew from international cricket on 26 March 2008. Fleming played in the 2008 Indian Premier League for the Chennai Super Kings after being precursor for US$350,000.
A left-handed bowler, Fleming made his Test debut in March 1994 against India winning the Man of the Match award on debut after scoring 92. In 1995 he endures controversy when he was caught and acknowledges to smoking marijuana with teammates Matthew Hart and Dion Nash although on tour at their hotel. In England's visit of New Zealand in 1996/97 he scored his maiden Test century in the First Test at Auckland. In the Third Test of the tour he took over the captaincy from Lee Germon becoming New Zealand's youthful captain at 23 years and 321 days.
Fleming became New Zealand's most thriving captain in September 2000 with a triumph over Zimbabwe. This was the 12th win under his captaincy leaving behind Geoff Howarth.
On 25 October 2006, Fleming lead his country for the 194th time in an ODI - a world record, overtaking Arjuna Ranatunga.He played well right through the 2007 World Cup scoring 353 runs at an average of 39.22 and was New Zealand's second highest run getter in the competition. He failed in the semi-final in opposition to Sri Lanka scoring just 1 off 4 balls as New Zealand went on to lose the match and worn-out of the tournament. On 24 April 2007, Fleming reconciled as the ODI captain of the Blackcaps. The publication was made in a post-match press conference held after the Semi-Final conquers to Sri Lanka in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Subsequent to Fleming's last match as captain, Mahela Jayawardene added a tribute. "Stephen's been a great leader for New Zealand for some time, and you could learn a lot from him". More than a decade of leading the side he refined with 218 games, 98 wins, and 106 losses.
There was assumption in 2007 that he might join contentious Indian rebel Twenty20 league, the Indian Cricket League. Conversely it turned out to be baseless and he has since joined the 'official' Indian Twenty20 league, the Indian Premier League, and played for the Chennai Super Kings in the league's initial manifestation.
As of April 2007, Fleming had skipped New Zealand in 80 Test matches�a New Zealand record and the second highest digit worldwide .As a fielder, Fleming took over 170 captures giving him the 3rd highest Test aggregate for a non-wicketkeeper.
In February 2008 Fleming wrecked speculation and confirmed his retirement from the New Zealand team at the end of England's 2008 visit of New Zealand to splurge more time with his family, and to play for the Indian Premier League.