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RANJI TROPHY

Ranji Trophy

Ranji Trophy



The Ranji Trophy is a domestic superlative cricket competition played in India amid diverse city and state sides,

corresponding to the County Championship in England and the Sheffield Shield in Australia. The contest is named after Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji (Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, also identified as "Ranji").


History

The contest was commenced as "The Cricket Championship of India" tracking a meeting of the Board of Control of Cricket in India in July 1934; with the first match taking place in 1934-35.The title was donated by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala. The former Ranji Trophy competition was won by Bombay after they conquered North India in the final. Syed Mohammed Hadi of Hyderabad was the initial batsman to score a hundred.

Mumbai (in the past Bombay) have been the prevailing team in the competition so far, with 39 wins, including 15 back-to-back wins from 1958-59 to 1972-73.

Format

The majority of the squads playing in the Ranji Trophy symbolize states of India; there are also two teams that correspond to individual cities (Mumbai and Hyderabad) and two teams found in Delhi but with no provincial memberships (Railways and Services).

From its initiation until the 2001-02 seasons, the sides were clustered geographically into four or five zones - North, West, East, and South, with Central added in 1952-53. Earlier matches were played surrounded by the zones on a knock-out basis until 1956-57 and later on a league basis, to decide a winner. Followed by, the individual zone winners try to win in a knock-out tournament, foremost to a final which determined the champion of the Ranji Trophy. In the 1970-71 seasons, the knock-out point was lengthened to the top two sides from each zone, an overall of ten qualifying teams. This was extended again to the top three from each zone in 1992-93, a whole of fifteen qualifying teams; among 1996-97 and 1999-2000, the fifteen qualifying squads battled in a secondary group stage, with three groups of five teams, and the top two from each group be eligible for the knock-out stage; in all new years, a full fifteen-team knock-out contest was held.

The system was altered in 2002-03 season with the zonal method neglected and a two-division composition was approved � the Elite Group, included fifteen squads, and the Plate Group, have the rest. Every group has two sub-groups who take part in a round-robin; the top two from each sub-group then fight a knock-out tournament to find out the winner. The side which finishes last in each Elite sub-group is consigned, and both Plate Group finalists are advanced, for the subsequent season. For the 2006-07 periods, the partitions were re-labeled the Super League and Plate League correspondingly.

In the 2008-09 periods, the present format was approved to allow Plate Group sides to contest the Ranji Trophy. The top two from apiece Plate sub-group contest semi-finals; the winners of these two games then join the top three from each Super League sub-group in an eight-team knock-out contest. The winner of this knock-out event at that moment wins the Ranji Trophy.

Sensation contests in the Ranji Trophy are determined on the first innings outcome if the final result is a draw.


Points Summary

Points in the association stages of both divisions are presently honored as follows:

State of affairs Points
Win Outright 5
Bonus Point (for innings and 10 wicket wins) 1
1st Innings Lead 3 *
No Result 1
1st Innings Deficit 1 *
Lost Outright 0

Teams

TFor a comprehensive list of squads which have played in the contest at various points during its history.

Teams (obsolete teams)
 Zone
  Notes
Andhra
 South
 Formed 1953, formerly northern part of Madras Presidency.
Bengal
 East
 Formed as Cricket Association of Bengal and Assam in 1928. Assam seceded in 1938. East Bengal partitioned off as East Pakistan, 1947. Bangladesh independence declared, 1971. West Bengal played after partition as Bengal.
Bihar
 East
 Formed 1935. Played since 1936-37.
Central India
 
 Formed 1932. Played in East Zone until 1939-40. In 1941 jurisdiction taken over by Holkar.
Central Provinces and Berar
 
 Formed Nagpur 1934. Played sporadically until 1949-50 when taken over by Madhya Pradesh.
Delhi
 North
 Founded 1932 as Delhi & District Cricket Association. Joined 1934-35.
Gujarat
 West
 Formed 1934 Joined 1934-35.
Gwalior
 
 Now part of Madhya Pradesh.
Haryana
 North
 Formed from part of South Punjab, 1970-71.
Holkar
 
 Played 1941-42 to 1951-52 in East Zone. Transferred to Central Zone 1952-53. Changed title 1955- 56 to Madhya Bharat. Now part of Vidarbha.
Hyderabad
 South
 Formed c. 1930. Joined 1934-35, South Zone. Like Mumbai, the team represents the city; but the city is the political capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh which has its own team.
Jammu & Kashmir
 North
 Joined 1959-60.
Karnataka
 South
 Formerly Mysore. Changed name 1973-74.
Kerala
 South
 Formerly Travancore-Cochin, until 1957-58. Joined 1951-52.
Madhya Bharat
 
 Played as Holkar until 1954-55, and as Madhya Bharat in 1955-56 and 1956-57. Now part of Vidarbha.
Madhya Pradesh
 Central
 Originally part of Central India Cricket Association. Formed separate association and joined South Zone 1950. Since 1952-53 in Central Zone.
Maharashtra
 West
 Formed out of Bombay Presidency, 1934. Joined 1934-35.
Mumbai
 West
 Formerly Bombay. Bombay Presidency Cricket Association formed 1930. Joined Ranji Trophy 1934-35. Gujarat and Maharashtra seceded that year. Is now Bombay Cricket Association, comprising only the city of Bombay.
Mysore
 
 Formed 1930. Changed name to Karnataka, 1973-74.
Northern India
 
 Joined 1934-35. Now in Pakistan.
Nawanagar
 
 Played in West Zone from 1936-37 to 1947-48. Now part of Saurashtra.
North-West Frontier Province
 
 Played in North Zone between 1937-38 and 1947-48. Now part of Pakistan.
Orissa
 East
 Originally southern part of Bihar. Formed Cricket Association and joined in 1949.
Patiala
 
 Went through various transformations, once appearing under its name before changing to Southern Punjab in 1959-60.
Punjab
 North
 Historically the Punjab was divided by Partition, the East remaining in India. Punjab Cricket Association formed 1968-69 from Northern and Southern Punjab; part of the South seceded in 1970-71 to become Haryana following the formation of that political state.
Railways
 Central
 Based in Delhi. Joined the competition and North Zone in 1958-59 but transferred in 1975-76 to Central Zone.
Rajasthan
 Central
 Formerly Rajputana formed 1931. Has played as Rajasthan since 1956-57 and since 1952-53 in Central Zone.
Saurashtra
 West
 Originally part of Western India States, and played previously as Kathiawar. Formed 1950 and joined 1951-52.
Services
 North
 Formed as Army Sports Control Board 1919. Appeared in first Ranji Trophy Season, and reappeared in 1949-50 as the Services Sports Control Board (India). Based in Delhi.
Sind
 
 Played in West Zone 1934-35 until 1947-48. Now part of Pakistan.
Tamil Nadu
 South
 Formerly Madras. Joined 1970-71.
Tripura
 East
 
United Provinces
 
 Formed 1934. Moved to East Zone 1938-39. Changed name to Uttar Pradesh 1950-51. Joined Central Zone in 1952-53.
Uttar Pradesh
 Central
 Formerly United Provinces changed to Uttar Pradesh in 1950-51. Since 1952-53 in Central Zone.
Vadodara
 West
 Formerly Baroda. Part of Gujarat until 1937. Joined 1937-38.
Vidarbha
 Central
 Originally Holkar, 1941-42 until 1951-52, then Madhya Bharat until 1956-57.
Western India States
 
 Founded 1934, consisting of four Prant clubs: Halar, Sorath, Jhalawat, and Gohelwad. Played in West Zone until 1945-46 when its jurisdiction was taken over by Kathiawar.

Ranji Trophy 2010-11

The 2010 Ranji trophy period is the 76th Ranji trophy season. It is being challenged through two leagues: Super and Plate. Each division is alienated into 2 groups - A and B, each team play all the other teams from its group only once either home or away.

The Super League is separated into two groups of eight and seven teams, as the Plate League is divided into two groups of six teams each. In both divisions, the top two sides from each group proceed to the knock-out phase. The finalists from the Plate League are endorsed to the Super League the subsequent year while the two teams at the bottom of the Super League are demoted.

The teams which were competed during this season were,

Super League

Group A
  • Mumbai
  • Delhi
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Bengal
  • Saurashtra
  • Gujarat
  • Assam
  • Railways
Group B
  • Karnataka
  • Punjab
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Baroda
  • Himachal
  • Haryana
  • Orissa

Plate League

Group A
  • Hyderabad
  • Rajasthan
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Orissa
  • Tripura
  • Jharkhand (formerly known as Bihar)
Group B
  • Maharashtra
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Jammu & Kashmir
  • Vidarbha
  • Services
Stuck between Baroda and Rajasthan in the finals in the vadodra ground the match ended in a draw.

Tournament records

Team records
Most wins
39
Mumbai (formerly Bombay)
 
Highest team score
944/6 decl.
Hyderabad V Andhra
1993–94
Lowest team score
21
Hyderabad v Rajasthan
2010
Individual match records
Highest individual innings
443*
BB Nimbalkar
Maharashtra v Kathiawar
1948–49
Best innings bowling
10/20
Premangsu Chatterjee
Bengal v Assam
1956–57
Best match bowling
16/99
Anil Kumble
Karnataka V Kerala
1994–95
Individual season records
Most runs in a season
1415
V.V.S Laxman
Hyderabad
1999–2000
Most centuries in a season
8
V.V.S Laxman
Hyderabad
1999–2000
Most wickets in a season
64
Bishan Bedi
Delhi
1974–75
Individual career records
Most career runs
8237
AmolMuzhumdar
1994–2011
Most career centuries
31
Ajay Sharma
1984–2000
Highest career batting average
98.35
Vijay Merchant
1934–1951
Most career wickets
640†
Rajinder Goel
1958–1985