Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar was born on 24 April 1973 is an Indian cricketer extensively gazed at as one of the best batsmen in the history of cricket. He is the principal run-scorer and century maker in Test and one-day international cricket. He is the only male player to gain a double century in the history of One Day International cricket. In 2002, just 12 years into his career, Wisden graded him the subsequent greatest Test batsman of all time, in the wake of Donald Bradman, and the second utmost one-day-international (ODI) batsman of all time, behind Viv Richards. In September 2007, the Australian prop spinner Shane Warne rated Tendulkar as the utmost player he has played with or in opposition to. Tendulkar was integral parts of the 2011 Cricket World Cup winning Indian squad at the later on part of his career, his first such win in six World Cup manifestations with India.
Tendulkar is the initial and the only player in Test Cricket times past to attain fifty centuries, and the first to attain fifty centuries in all worldwide crickets pooled; he at present has 99 centuries in international cricket. On 17 October 2008, when he outshined Brian Lara's record for the most runs achieved in Test cricket, he also became the first batsman to score 12,000, 13,000 and 14,000 runs in that form of the fixture, having also been the third batsman and first Indian to pass 11,000 runs in Test cricket. He was also the first player to score 10,000 runs in one-day internationals, and also the first player to cross every succeeding 1000-run mark that has been crossed in ODI cricket history and 200 runs in a one-day international game. In the fourth Test of the Border-Gavaskar Trophy in opposition to Australia, Tendulkar surpassed Australia's Allan Border to become the player to traverse the 50-run mark the most number of times in Test cricket history, and also the second ever player to attain 11 Test centuries in opposition to Australia, tying with Sir Jack Hobbs of England more than 70 years earlier. Tendulkar conceded 30,000 runs in international cricket on 20 November 2009. He also clasps the world record for playing highest amount of Test and ODI games.Tendulkar has been rewarded with the Padma Vibhushan award, India's second highest civilian prize, and the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, India's highest sporting honor. Tendulkar became the primary sportsperson and the first individuality devoid of an aviation background to be awarded the honorary grade of Group Captain by the Indian Air Force. He has established honorary doctorates from Mysore University and Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. He triumph the 2010 Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for cricketer of the year at the ICC awards.
Early years and personal life
Tendulkar was born in Bombay (at present Mumbai). His mother Rajni worked in the indemnity industry and his father Ramesh Tendulkar, a Marathi writer, named Tendulkar after his favourite music director, Sachin Dev Burman. Tendulkar's senior brother Ajit buoyant him to play cricket. Tendulkar has two further siblings: a brother Nitin, and sister Savita.
Tendulkar went to Sharadashram Vidyamandir (High School), where he began his cricketing career under the supervision of his coach and mentor, Ramakant Achrekar. All through his school days he focused the MRF Pace organization to instruct as a fast bowler, but Australian fast bowler Dennis Lillee, who took a world record 355 Test wickets, was unconvinced, telling that Tendulkar focus on his batting as a substitute.
Although at school, he urbanized a status as a child genius. He had become a familiar conversation top in Mumbai circles, where there were propositions by now that he would become one of the greats. His spell in 1988 was astonishing; with Tendulkar gaining a century in each innings he played. He was implicated in an endless 664-run partnership in a Lord Harris Shield inter-school sport in 1988 with friend and side mate Vinod Kambli, who would also go on to represent India. The disparaging pair reduced one bowler to tears and made the rest of the conflict reluctant to persist the match. Tendulkar scored 326* in this innings and attained over a thousand runs in the contest. This was a record affiliation in any type of cricket until 2006, when it was busted by two under-13 batsmen in a game held at Hyderabad in India.
At 14, Tendulkar was an orb boy for the India versus Zimbabwe fixture at the Wankhede Stadium for the period of the 1987 World Cup. When he was 14, Indian batting star Sunil Gavaskar gave him a pair off of his own mega light pads. "It was the greatest basis of encouragement for me," he said nearly 20 years later on after exceeding Gavaskar's world record of 34 Test centuries. On 24 May 1995, Sachin Tendulkar married Anjali, a paediatrician and descendant of Gujarati factory owner Anand Mehta and British social worker Annabel Mehta. They have two children, Sara (born on 12 October 1997), and Arjun (born on 24 September 1999). Anjali is six years senior to him.
Tendulkar supports 200 deprived children all year throughout Apnalaya, a Mumbai-based NGO allied with his mother-in-law, Annabel Mehta. An application from Sachin on Twitter hoisted 1.025 crore (US$228,575) through Sachin's campaign aligned with cancer for the movement in opposition to Cancer foundation.
Early domestic careerOn 11 December 1988, ripened just 15 years and 232 days, Tendulkar attained 100 not out in his entrance first-class game for Bombay in opposition to Gujarat, making him the littlest Indian to achieve a century on first-class debut. He tracked this by scoring a century in his first Deodhar and Duleep Trophy. He was selected by the Mumbai skipper Dilip Vengsarkar after seeing him confer Kapil Dev in the nets, and completed the term as Bombay's highest run-scorer. He also made a winning century in the Irani Trophy absolute, and was preferred for the visit of Pakistan after that year, after just one first class term.
His first double century was for Mumbai although playing alongside the visiting Australian squad at the Brabourne Stadium in 1998.He is the only player to attain a century in all three of his Ranji Trophy, Duleep Trophy and Irani Trophy debuts. In 1992, at the period of 19, Tendulkar became the first abroad born player to symbolize Yorkshire Tendulkar played 16 first-class competitions for the county and gained 1070 runs at a standard of 46.52.
International careerRaj Singh Durgapur is ascribed for the mixture of Tendulkar for the 1989 Indian visit of Pakistan. Tendulkar played his first Test game in opposition to Pakistan in Karachi in 1989 aged just 16. He made just 15 runs, being bowled by Waqar Younis, who also made his first appearance in that contest, but was noted for how he handled abundant blows to his body at the hands of the Pakistani speed assault. In the ultimate test in Sialkot, he was strike on the nose by a bouncer, but he refused medical aid and sustained to bat even as he surged blood from it. In a 20 over exposition sport in Peshawar, Tendulkar made 53 runs off 18 balls, including an over in which he scored 28 runs off Abdul Qadir. This was shortly called "one of the best innings I have seen" by the then Indian skipper Kris Srikkanth. In all, he cored 215 runs at a standard of 35.83 in the Test sequence, and was dismissed devoid of achieving a run in the only One Day International he played.
The series was followed by a tour of New Zealand in which he scored 117 runs at an average of 29.25 in, Tests including an innings of 88 in the Second Test. He was dismissed without scoring in one of the two one-day games he played, and scored 36 in the other. On his subsequent tour, to England in 1990, he became the second youngest cricketer to gain a Test century as he made 119* at Old Trafford. Wisden illustrated his innings as "a regimented display of massive maturity" and also wrote:
"He looked the epithet of India's eminent opener, Gavaskar, and indeed was exhausting a pair of his pads. Though he exhibited a full collection of strokes in gathering his maiden Test hundred, most amazing were his off-side shots from the back foot. However only 5ft 5in tall, he was still capable to control devoid of obscurity short deliveries from the English paceman."
Tendulkar more enhanced his development for the period of the 1991�1992 visits of Australia that integrated an unbeaten 148 in Sydney and a century on a fast, bouncing field at Perth. Merv Hughes observed to Allan Border at the instant that "This little prick's going to get further runs than you, AB."
Tendulkar's two tenures as skipper of the Indian cricket squad were not very victorious. When Tendulkar took over as skipper in 1996, it was with enormous hopes and potentials. Conversely, by 1997 the squad was performing defectively. Azharuddin was attributed with saying "Nahin jeetega! Chote ki naseeb main jeet nahin hai!" which decodes into: "He won't win! It's not in the small one's destiny!"
Tendulkar, ensuing Azharuddin as head for his second time, then led India on a visit of Australia, where the visitors were broadly beaten 3�0 by the newly peaked world champions. Tendulkar, on the other hand, won the player of the event honor as well as player of the contest in one of the games. Following another Test sequence defeat, this time by a 0�2 margin at home in opposition to South Africa, Tendulkar resigned, and Sourav Ganguly took over as skipper in 2000.
Tendulkar relics an integral part of the Indian side's deliberate processes. He is frequently seen in debate with the skipper, at epochs aggressively involved in building strategies. Former skipper Rahul Dravid in public recognized that Tendulkar had been suggesting moves such as the encouragement of Irfan Pathan up the batting order which, even though only transitory, had an instant effect on the side's chance. In 2007, Tendulkar was selected vice-captain to skipper Rahul Dravid. For the period of the Indian squad's 2007 visit of England, Dravid's aspiration to leave from the captaincy became known. The BCCI President Sharad Pawar personally offered the captaincy to Tendulkar. However, Tendulkar asked Pawar not to appoint him captain, instead recommending Mahendra Singh Dhoni to take over the reins. Pawar later revealed this conversation, crediting Tendulkar for first forwarding the name of Dhoni, who since achieved much success as captain.
Indian Premier League
Tendulkar was made the icon player and skipper for his home side, the Mumbai Indians in the initial Indian Premier League Twenty20 opposition in 2008. As a symbol player, he was marked for a sum of US$1,121,250, 15% more than the second-highest paid player in the squad, Sanath Jayasuriya. In 2010 edition of Indian Premier League, Mumbai Indians reached the last of the tournament. Tendulkar made 618 runs in 14 innings for the period of the tournament, breaking Shaun Marsh's record of most runs in an IPL term. He was affirmed player of the competition for his act for the period of the period. He also won Best Batsman and Best skipper awards at 2010 IPL Awards ceremony.In 2011 season, in opposition to Kochi Tuskers Kerala, Tendulkar achieved his maiden Twenty20 hundred. He scored 100* off 66 balls. He has completed 1647 runs in 49 matches/innings in IPL's four seasons, with a standard of 40.17 so far and at present second highest jog scorer only after Suresh Raina.
Style of playTendulkar is cross-dominant: He bats, bowls and pitches with his right hand, but inscribes with his left hand. He also follows left-handed throws at the nets on a normal basis. Cricinfo columnist Sambit BAL has illustrated him as the "most wholesome batsman of his time" His batting is supported on inclusive steadiness and poise while limiting needless movements and trappings. He emerges to show little penchant for the slow and low wickets which are typical in India, and has attained various centuries on the hard, bouncy pitches in South Africa and Australia.
He is known for his exclusive punch style of striking the ball over square. He is also well-known for his seamless straight drive, frequently completed with no follow-through. Recently, renowned Indian batsman Sunil Gavaskar, in an article he wrote in the AFP, stated that "it is hard to picture any player in the history of the match who joins classical system with rare hostility like the little champion does".
Sir Donald Bradman measured by many as the greatest batsman of all time, measured Tendulkar to have a batting style like to his. In his biography, it is stated that "Bradman was most taken by Tendulkar's technique, firmness and shot invention, and had asked his wife to have a look at Tendulkar having felt that Tendulkar cooperated like him. Bradman's wife, Jessie, granted that they did emerge akin."
Past Australian cricket side Coach John Buchanan voiced his belief that Tendulkar had become vulnerable to the short ball premature in his innings because of a require of footwork. Buchanan also deems Tendulkar has a weakness while playing left-arm rapidity. He was affected by a sequence of injuries while 2004. Ever since then Tendulkar's batting has leaned to be fewer attacking. Explaining this amend in his batting style, he has recognized that he is batting a different way due to that truth that, firstly, no batsman can bat the similar way for the entire span of a long career and, secondly, he is a senior associate of the squad now and thus has more liability. For the period of the early part of his profession he was a more attacking batsman and commonly attained centuries at shut to a run a ball. Ian Chappell, past Australian player, freshly observed that "Tendulkar now, is naught like the player he was when he was a little bloke".
Although Tendulkar is not a standard bowler, he is adroit at bowling medium pace, leg spin and off spin with identical alleviate. He frequently bowls when two batsmen of the converse squad have been batting jointly for a long stage, as he can frequently be a useful enterprise breaker. With his bowling, he has helped safe an Indian victory on more than one instance. He has taken 44 test game wickets and is the tenth highest wicket stealer for India in ODIs.
Marketable endorsementsSachin Tendulkar has been subsidized by quite a lot of brands all the way through his career together with Boost (1990�present), Pepsi (1992�2009), Action Shoes (1995�2000), MRF (1999�2009), Adidas (2000�10), Britannia (2001�07), Fiat Palio (2001�03), TVS (2002�05), ESPN Star Sports (2002�present), Sunfeast (2007�13), Canon (2006�09), Airtel (2004�06), Reynolds (2007�present), G-Hanz (2005�07), Sanyo BPL (2007�present), Colgate-Palmolive, Philips, VISA, Castrol India (2011�12), Ujala Techno Bright and Coca-Cola (2011�13).
He has in addition been a speaker for National Egg Coordination Committee (2003�05), AIDS Awareness Campaign (2005) and Luminous India (2010�present).
Batting and fielding averages