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Sloth Bear or labiated bear or Jungle jokers or Lip bears or Indian bear is one of the
bear species with the scientific name Melursus ursinus ursinus, native to Indian subcontinent. They have various other local names like Karadi, Bhalluk, Asol, Bhalluka, Walaha, Rinchh, Bir Mendi, and Pani Karudi.
There are two subspecies of sloth bear that are distributed in various parts of South Asia like Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
It falls under the family Ursidae and species Melursus ursinus. The quick classification of Indian Sloth Bear is as below,
|Melursus ursinus ursinus
The hair near the nostrils aids to prevent insects or dust being driven in. Like Asiatic black bear they have whitish V-shaped or Y-shaped marking on their chest. They possess a gap in between the teeth which helps them to suck up termites, ants and other insects. The lower lip is long and they could be extended over the outer edge of the nose.