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Wild Water Buffalo

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Wild Water Buffalo or Indian Buffalo or Asiatic Buffalo with the scientific name Bubalus arnee is the species found majorly in India.

It is said to be the ancestor of the domestic buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and is the second largest in the Bovidae family following Gaur.

Water buffalo spend much of their day submerged in the muddy waters of Asia's tropical and subtropical forests. Their wide-splayed hoofed feet prevent them from sinking too deeply in the mud and allow them to move about in wetlands and swamps with ease. The quick classification of Wild Water Buffalo is as below,

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodactyla
Family Bovidae
Sub Family Bovinae
Tribe Bovini
Genus Bubalus
Species Bubalus arnee

Physical Structure

Wild Water Buffalo is a massive and powerful animal amongst other animals except Gaur. It has a wide, heavy, crescent-shaped and ribbed horn over a thin face and it is seen in both the sexes. The skin color varies from gray to black with long, coarse hair all over the body, tuft at the fore head and distinct whitish V-shaped marks at the lower neck. The tail is long and has bunch of hair at the bottom. They have a small ear and wide hooves which aid them to walk on muddy and marshy ground.

The species weigh around 800 to 1200 kg. Their body length is 2.4 to 3 m with the tail length varying from 0.6 to 1 m. Its shoulder height varies from 1.5 to 2 m. The horn is over 2 m long.

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