India is the second-largest producer of silk in the world. The Indian Silk industry employs around 9.76 million people. The industry is one of the largest foreign exchange earners for the country. The silk industry in India is spread across thousands of villages. The Indian Silk Industry produces silk garments, made-ups, fabrics, yarns, carpets, shawls, scarves, cushion covers and accessories from the raw material.
The total silk production in India during 2021-2022 was 34,923 MT, an increase of 3.4% Y-o-Y over the previous year (33,770 MT). This production is around 88.4% of the targeted annual production for the year 2021-22.
The major silk-producing states in the country are Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Karnataka contributed around 32% of the total silk production in the country during 2021-22. This was followed by Andhra Pradesh which had a share of 25% in the overall silk production during 2021-22.Silk Exports
During 2021-22, the country’s silk and silk products exports were valued at US$ 248.56 million. This is an increase of 25.3% over the previous year. Natural silk yarn exports was Rs. 52.62 crores (US$6.6 million) (up 79.2% Y-o-Y), silk fabrics and made ups exports was Rs. 837.41 crores (US$105.7 million) (up 14.8% Y-o-Y), readymade garments exports were Rs. 671.13 crores (US$ 84.7 million) (up 49.3% Y-o-Y), silk carpet exports were Rs. 79.125 crores (US$ 10 million) (down 26.4% Y-o-Y).The silk fabrics and made ups, and silk readymade garments are the most exported silk products from India with 2021-22 exports share of 45.3%, and 36.3%, respectively.Indian Silk Importers
Some of the top importers are USA, the UAE, China, UK, Australia, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Malaysia, Nepal, Japan, Belgium, Canada, South Africa and Singapore. USA is the top importer of silk products from India with a share of 29% as of 2020-21. UAE was the second largest importer of Indian silk after USA, with a share of 10%. These countries are followed by China, UK and Australia which have 8%, 4%, and 4% of the total exports share, respectively.