Parasurameswara Temple



Location :

 Video - In and Around Parasurameswara Temple
This small temple of Parashurameswar is located at Bhubaneswar which is believed to be a good specimen of early Orissa architecture of the post-Buddhist period, as being viewed from its rudimentary vimana.

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One of the oldest surviving temples in Orissa is the Parasurameswara Temple, built in 650 A.D. There are two main basic characteristics of Orissan temple architecture - the Deul (tower) and Jagmohana (porch-like hall). This small kind of temple had some exquisite carvings and sculptures including bas reliefs of elephant processions and even a Buddhist Stupa carved on the side.
Significance of the temple
The Parashurameswar Temple is a small but marvelously decorated shrine of Lord Shiva. It is assumed to be one of the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar and is constructed in 650 A. D. This particular temple is a specimen of the architectural styles of Oriyan temples. The temple has many verdant sculptures of animals, amorous couples and floral designs. The outer walls are adorned with beautiful carvings of Lord Ganesh, Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Lord Muruga and other Hindu Gods. One can also find many beautiful carvings depicting Puranic stories.

Parasurameswara Temple
The temple was built in the 7th century; it is a small but lavishly decorated architecture. The temple is enclosed within a compound wall, which is deul, facing the West in a square towered, while the jagamohana, instead of being a stepped pyramid, is a rectangular structure with a terraced roof, sloping in two stages.

The duel about 13 m high has no platform and is triratha on plan; it is a dominant style of the early periods. The temple passes on the stage of Saliva Pasupata Sect, which is illustrated by the frequent representation of Lakulisa. He is sculpted into the Buddha-like form, with four disciples at his feet as shown on the last side of the tower, while on the West, above the relief of Nataraja, he looks like the meditating Buddha.

Parasurameswara Temple
The verandah has been projected by the moulding topped by a recessed frieze, demarcating bada from the gandi, a feature not found in later temples. The frieze has mostly amorous couples, separated by paneled jalis vidalas (a rampant lion, with head swung backwards, springing over a crouching elephant) at corners, a very typical symbol of the beleaguered Buddhist faith.

The jagamohana, which is adjoining the square towered shrine has an additional doorway on the South and has four latticed windows, one each on the North and South and two on the West, the lastly it is decorated with wonderfully animated bands of dancers and musicians. The recurring motif is highly-ornated chaitya-window which is very often filled with animal, human and divine figures, the last including busts of Shiva. The main entrance to jagamohana even has a fine carving of domestic elephants capturing wild ones, to the left of the lintel.

Parasurameswara Temple
The temple complex is set into the outer walls of the shrine where the sculptures are scenes from mythological narratives, forming a repertoire of Saiva myths, among them the highlights are on the South of the sanctuary, at eye level in the middle of tower, a superb four armed pot- bellied Ganesha seated on a simhasana, with his trunk touching a bowl of laddus (balls of sweetmeat) held in his lower left hand, while his upper left holds a parasu (hatchet); Karttikeya in the Southern niche is with a peacock, holding a spear in his left hand and a fruit in his right; the lintel above this niche illustrates the marriage of Shiva and Parvati; to their right are Agni (fire), the kneeling figure of Brahma and next to Brahma is Surya.

Among the notable friezes that line the North wall of the jagamohana are -sapta matrikas (seven mother goddesses), with Chamunda (Shiva's consort goddess Durga in her terrifying aspect); Ganesha having a human visage face with a trunk growing from his chin; and several deities of the Brahmanical pantheon.

Other places to visit
The temple is dedicated to Shiva, only two of the three original deities survive. The Sahasralingam, in the far corner of the courtyard, is decorated with a thousand miniature versions of itself. Nearby tourist places to Parasurameswara Temple



Parasurameswara Temple

How to Reach the Temple
  • Through Airways -the city of Bhubaneshwar has domestic flights to and from Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, Raipur, Varanasi and Visakhapatnam.

  • Through Railways- the city is well linked by trains to Bangalore, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Madras, Puri, Tirupati and Trivandrum.

  • Through Roadways- the National Highway No. 5 connects Bhubaneshwar to Kolkata and Chennai along with other major cities. Soem important distances are: Kolkata (480 km), Chennai (1225 km), Delhi (1745 km), Bombay(1691 km).