HISTORYAccording to legend the forefathers of King Bhagirath were reduced to ashes due to sage Kapil's anger.So, King Bhagirath did severe penance and made Ganga descend from the heaven for the salvation of his forefathers. It is believed that if one bath in its sacred waters, he is relieved of all sins and achieves supreme salvation. According to Hindu mythology, as the Gods are believed to have left their footprints in Haridwar.Haridwar is the first town where the River Ganga descends to touch the plains. There are legends which also say that this is where a drop of nectar fell as a result of the manthan - churning of the oceans. It was initially under the Maurya Empire during 322-185 BC, and later under the Kushan Empire during the 1st-3rd century.
Haridwar, a part of the erstwhile Saharanpur Divisional Commission, rests at the foothills of the lofty Shivalik ranges. The city is enclosed between Dehradun district in the north, Muzzaffar Nagar and Bijnor districts in the south, Pauri Garhwal and Dehradun districts in the east and Saharanpur district in the west.
BEST SEASONThe best time to visit Haridwar is between October and March during winter.
FAIRS AND FESTIVELS
ARDH KUMBHThis Ardh Kumbh mela is held once in every six years and a holy dip in the Ganga during the festival is believed to give salvation.
PLACE OF INTEREST
HAR KI PAURI
Popularly known as Brahm kund,is a sacred place and the main bathing ghat in Haridwar.Every six years,Ardhkumbh and every twelve years a full Kumbh's festival take place. People take a dip in the sacred Kund as penance for their sins and thus achieve supreme salvation. The performance of aarthi here early morning and evening is worth watching.
BHIMGODAThis place is situated on the Haridwar-Rishikesh road, about 2.5kms away from the bus station. It is believed that the most powerful Bhim constructed tank with the force of his knee at this place.
MANSA DEVI TEMPLE
CHANDI DEVI TEMPLEThis place is situated on the NH to Najibabad.Situated on the opposite bank of the town of Haridwar, Chandi Devi temple on Neel Parvat was built here in 1929 by King of Kashmir, King Suchat Singh. The legend goes that Goddess had killed the army chiefs of demons, Chanda and Munda here. Adishankaracharya had established the image of the goddess in 8th century here then. The temple can be reached by trekking or by the cable cars.
VAISHNODEVIThis place is situated about 6.5kms away from the Tourism Office. This temple is imitation of Ma Vaishno Devi's main temple situated in Jammu, and presents a unique mix of natural phenomenon and art. Devotees visit the temple in large numbers.
MANAV KALYAN ASHRAMThis hermitage, situated at Kankhal, is also worth seeing. Here God has been presented through the idols of his twelve incarnations. The idols of God Krishna and Shiva have been shown in the form of Ardhanarishwar.
BOOMANIKEDANThis place is situated about 7kms away from tourism office. Here one gets a splendid view of natural caves. This hermitage represents a wonderful communion of art and religion.
PAR MATH ASHRAMThe centre of attractions is the huge of idols of Durga, Gajendra Moksha and various other Gods and Goddesses.
PAWAN DHAM TEMPLE
This ancient temple is located at a distance of 2 kilometers from the town and is known for the glasswork that has been done on the temple walls.
The Pawan Dham Temple is quite popular for the elaborately ornamented idols.
BHARAT MATA TEMPLE
For example, one floor has all the famous early sages, another floor is dedicated to spiritual leaders, another floor has the images of all the freedom fighters and so on.
It is an interesting experience to visit this temple.
SAPTARISHI ASHRAMThis worth seeing place is situated close to the Bharat Mata Temple. The belief is that the Ganga had to split itself in seven streams in order to save the Saptarishis in deep penance.
PARAD SHIV LING
In the courtyard of this very hermitage exists a tree of holy rudraksh, on which 3 to 5 faced rudraksh grows.
According to Hindu scriptures, rudraksh is considered very sacred.
GURUKUL KANGRI UNIVERSITYIt is an age old famous centre of tradition which has been followed since long. It is a centre of imparting education in a manner which is traditionally Indian. The attraction here in the university campus is a museum housing archaeological exhibits. There is a Ved mandir inside the university campus too. This was established by Swamy Shradanand.
DAKSH MAHADAV TEMPLE
The Daksh Mahadev Temple is an ancient shrine situated to the south of Kankhal town.
This temple was constructed by Queen Dhankaur in AD 1810.
Kankhal has several other temples and ashrams too.
The main shopping area in Haridwar is Kankhal, Upper Road, Gandhi Ashram, Moti Bazar and Jwalapur. The UP Handloom Emporium is a prime shopping landmark of Haridwar where buyers can get an extensive collection of exotic items. Many shops sell imitation jewellery like chains, bangles, earrings and nose rings. The shopping list also includes assorted handicrafts, auspicious stones, figurines of Gods and Goddesses in different metals and crystal stones. The Bharat Mata temple area of Haridwar is a prime shopping place where can find such articles as vermilion, rudraksh, brass and copper utensils, idols of Gods and Goddesses, bangles and sandalwood.
2.Chotiwala Restaurant NH 74, Devpura, Haridwar, Uttaranchal 3.Maharaja Bakers
NH 58, Devpura,
4.Fun N Food Restaurant
Haridwar, NH 58, Devpura, Haridwar, Uttarakhand
NH 58, Devpura,
NH 58, Govindpuri,
Haridwar (U.A) 249401,
3.The Haveli Hari Ganga
Haridwar - 249401,
+91- 1334 - 265207, 226443
4.Hotel Disney Inn
Haridwar - Rishikesh Road,
Near Jain Temple,
Haridwar (Uttrakhand) India,
Pin - 249401
Khasara No. 48M/50M
Haridwar - 249 410
6.Himalayan Heritage Group
Travel Desk, Hotel Chitra Heritage
Chitra Cinema Street
India - 249401
+91 (0) 9760129990
8.Sagar Ganga Resorts
Niranajani Akhada Road,
Nr. Safe Parking,
9.Hotel Khanna Palace
Old Rishikesh Road,
GETTING THEREBY AIR
The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant in Dehradun, but it is preferable to take a flight to Delhi and then take a bus or train route to Haridwar.
The major pilgrimage center of Haridwar is well connected by trains to almost all the major cities in India. In fact, trains are the major source of the tourist inflow to Haridwar.
The National Highway no. 45 crosses the city of Haridwar, so it is connected to other cities of the state as well as those in the other states too. The excellent road network links Haridwar with Delhi for a smooth and comfortable travel journey.