INTRODUCTIONMangalore gets its name from the presiding deity of the town, Mangaladevi, the goddess of fortune. Mangalore is one of the important ports in the state of Karnataka situated close to the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurpur rivers. Mangalore being one of the major commercial centres in this area is known for the cultivation of coffee and cashew nuts and are into other industries like Beedi's, Tiles and fishing.
They also export coffee and cashew nuts to other countries.Managalore are known for its scenic beauty where the entire city is fenced with coconut palms, hills and streams. Mangalore was referred by different names during different periods like it was called 'Managalapuram' in 715 AD by a Pandya King, while in the 11th century an Arabian traveler called it 'Manjarur'.However today t is known by the name Mangalooru which was recently declared by the government of Karnataka. The temples and the beeches in Mangalore draw a lot of tourist attention.
HISTORYThere are mentions about the city of Mangalore as Mandegora in the books written by Ptolemy and Pliny.There are records which says that Mangalore was rewarded to Parashurama by Samudraja.Also it is believed that the Sahayadri mountains in Mangalore is an important place where great sages like ysa, Vashista,Kanva, Vishwamitra, etc, had spent their days meditating. Till the end of the 14th century Mangalore and its adjoining territory where under the control of the Alpa Dynasty.
There are records for Mangalore as one of the major trading center from notes made by Ibn Batuta.Mangalore was also under the reign of the Odeya Kings where King Mangaras Odeya was one of the governor.Besides him Deeva Raaja Odeya is also said to have ruled Mangalore in 1429.Mangalore was under the control of Portuguese in 1520 and then followed by the Arabs in 1695.From the Arabs Hyder Ali captured Mangalore only to loose again to British and finally it became a part of the Karnataka state.
LOCATIONMangalore on the west coast of India in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka. It coordinates at 12.87≥N 74.88°E.
BEST SEASONThe ideal time to visit Mangalore is during the period of winter for it is quite hot and humid during summer.
FAIRS AND FESTIVALS
Aati FestivalAati festival goes for about a month and it roughly starts around 17th of July and ends on 15th August. During this festival season Aatikalanja a ritual folk dance is performed by a group of people belonging to the Nalke community. Another festival celebrated during the month of July-August is Kalanja who a minor spirit is believed to protect the village. Janmashtmi It is the celebration of the birth of Lord Krishna. Devotees celebrate it with feasts and dances after the whole day fast. People go to temples, especially of Lord Krishna which are decorated for this day. This is celebrated in the month of August/September, is one of the major festival of Mangalore.
DussehraThere is a unique form of dance practised by the people of Dakshina Kannada during the time of Dussehra celebrations. The other festivals celebrated here include the Ganesh Puja and Navaratri.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Mangaladevi TempleMangalore which was initially referred as Mangalapur and the name was derived from the presiding deity of the town, Mangaladevi, the goddess of fortune.Mangaladevi is the incarnation of Goddess Shakti.This temple is located at a distance of about 3kms away from the bustking town and it draws lot of tourists both within and outside the country.
Kadri Temple is famous for the holy water that flows through the gap, in the shape of a cow's head called 'Gomukha'. It is said that the water has curing effects. For taking a bath in the water, many pilgrims come here from all over the world. The temple is also famous for the Pandava Guha.
Goddess Durga TempleGoddess Durga Temple is situated in a place called Kateel which is at a distance of 30 km from Mangalore. This place is known for its scenic beauty and it is surrounded by hills and paddy fields.
It is a place of tourist attention and a pilgrimage centre especially during the fair of Yakshagana Dashavatara mela.People come from different parts of the country to Kateel to get the blessings of goddess Durga.
Lord Krishna TempleThis is a very famous pilgrimage spot in a place called Udupi situated at a distance of 60kms away from Mangalore.The idol of Lord Krishna is worshipped by devotees coming from different parts of the world. Every day poojas are conducted and the idol of Lord Krishna is fully adorned with real jewels and gems. One of the main attraction of this temple is the 'Kanakana Kindi'.The 'Kanakana Kindi' is a small window and the story behind this is that once an ardent devotee of Lord Krishna belonging to a Lower caste was not allowed to enter the temple.So Lord Krishna gave his darshan to the devotee through this small window.
St. Aloysius ChurchSt. Aloysius Church belonging to the 1899-1900 period is just a kilometer away from Nehru Maidan Bus stand. This church which is known for its architecture is compared with the Sistine chapel in Rome. The main attraction of the St. Aloysius Church is its painting adorning the interior walls and the roof of the Church. These paintings were specially done by an artist named Antony Moshaini from Italy.
Shri Sharavu Mahaganapathi TempleSri Sharavu Sharabeshwara - Sri Mahaganapathy Kshetra is nearly 800 years old of long and arduous undertaking. This is considered to be a very sacred religious centre. The other important pilgrim centre in this area is Sharavu, Kadri, Mangaladevi, Kudroli etc.
Light House Hill-GardenThe Light House Hill-Garden is again situated very close to the city bus stand. From here one can get a beautiful view of the sea and the boats and ships sailing in it. The view of the sunset and the sunrise is very eye capturing from here.
Kudroli Gokarnath TempleKudroli Gokarnath Temple situated in the vicinity of the Nehru Maidan Bus Stand is another important temple in the area which draws a lot of tourist attention.
Sultan BatterySultan Battery was built by Tipu Sultan with black stones mainly to prevent the warships from entering the Gurupur River. But however now even though it is not maintained well it still gives impression of a miniature fortress with its arrangements for mounting cannons all round.
SHOPPINGThe main shopping items in Mangalore includes sarees made of Pure Silk, and decorative items made from ivory and sandalwood.Some of the main shopping areas include Hampankatta, Kankannady, Balmatta,Falnir,Bharath Mall. The other shopping areas include Mischief Mega Mall, the Excel Mall and the Time Square.
2.Atithi Hotel Manar Mansion Balmatta Road,
3.Bombay Lucky Restaurant Mohammed Ali Road,
Mission Street Bunder,
4.Black Orchid -The Family Restaurant Wind Cliff Building, Kadr,
5.Cool Cafe Rambhavan Complex,
6.Cozy Fast Food Calvary Hill Nanthoor,
7.Dolphin Restaurant & Bar Kadri Shivabagh Road,
8.Mayuri Restaurant Maruthi Building, Hampankatta,
9.Neo Hotel Dewar Hampankatta,
10.Paris Hotel Ullal,
K S Rao Road, Mangalore, Karnataka 575001
0824 244 4857
Bendoor Main Road,
4.Hotel Gold Finch
0824 425 1300
5.Hotel Poonja International
K.S. Rao Road,
Mangalore- 575 001
6.Hotel Deepa Comforts Mangalore
M.G. ROAD, MANGALORE - 575 003,
0824- 2497101 02 03
Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka 575014
Light House Hill Rd,
Mangalore - 0824 2424757
10.Hotel Taj Manjarun