India's river system
The Himalayan Rivers,
of the inland drainage basin.
The snow-fed rivers of the
Himalayas are perennial and they flood during the winter.
The rain-fed rivers of the
Deccan Plateau are non-perennial and have an uncertain flow.
Also most of the western
coastal rivers are non-perennial because they have limited catchments area.
Many of them are non-perennial.
The fourth type consists
of rivers of western Rajasthan and is very few, like the Sambhar, which is lost
in the desert sands, and the Loni, that drains into the Rann of Kutch.
The largest river basin
of India is the Ganga basin, receiving water from an area bounded by the Himalayas
in the north and the Vindhyas in the South. The Ganga, the Yamuna, the Ghagra,
Gandak and Kosi are the main constituents. The second is the Godavari basin;
the third is the Krishna basin, which is the second largest river in peninsular
India. The Mahanadi traverses through this basin. The Narmada basin, and that
of the Tapti and the Panner are smaller ones, though they are agriculturally
rivers are considered holy with lot of reverence. People take bath in these
holy rivers during special occasions with a belief that their sins would be
wiped off! Of all, the Ganges is the longest with a length of 2500 kms. It rises
in the Himalayas and empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Brahmaputra rises in
Tibet and ends up in the Bay of Bengal after traveling a distance of around
2900 kms. The Mahanadi, the Godaveri, the Krishna and the Kaveri of Peninsular
India flow into the Bay of Bengal while the Narmada and the Tapti end up in
the Arabian Sea.