The output of cotton was 33.8 million bales last year. The total area under cultivation has fallen to 8.61 million hectare in 2016-17 from 10.68 million hectares in 2015-16. The cotton board has estimated a 17.47% growth in yield to 568.29 kg per hectare in 2016-17 from 483.79 kg per hectare in 2015-16.
The average yield in Punjab is likely to rise to 597.66 kg per hectare in 2016-17 from 376.11 kg per hectare in 2015-16.Pakistan is one of the major importers of Indian cotton. Last year, it bought almost 40% of India�s cotton due to a crop failure in its domestic market.
With no significant increase in cotton exports to China, overall shipment of cotton declined to 5 million bales in 2016-17 from 6.9 million bales in 2015-16.