Indian railways is the fourth-largest railway network in the world having 75,439 miles of total track that covers about 67,368 kms. The Indian Railways boasts of over 22,593 operating trains out of which 9141 are freight and 13,452 passenger trains with a daily passenger count of 24 million passengers and 203.88 million tonnes of freight.
Indian Railways’ revenue reached US$ 23.30 billion in FY22 . The gross revenue stood at US$ 16.89 billion in FY21. In freight earnings, it experienced a growth of 21.81% It was US$ 17.68 billion in FY22 when compared to FY21 which was at 16.04 billion. Passenger earnings for Indian Railways was at Rs. 50,669.09 crore (US$ 7.25 billion) in FY20. The total passenger revenue stood at US$ 4.66 billion in 2022 as compared to FY21 which was at US$ 2.03 billion. This was a 162.46% growth. The gross revenue stood at Rs. 85,588.96 crore (US$ 11.44 billion) in FY22 (until September 2021).Freight Earnings
Freight remains the major revenue earning segment for Indian Railways, accounting for 65% of its total revenue in FY20, followed by the passenger segment. In FY20-21, Indian Railways recorded the highest loading in freight transportation. Freight traffic carried by Indian Railways stood at 1,232.64 million tonnes in FY21. With this, the freight revenue of Indian Railways also increased to Rs. 1,17,386 crore (US$ 16.04 billion) for the year 2020-21, as against Rs. 113,488 crore (US$ 16.10 billion) during fiscal 2019-20.Railway Investments
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows in railway-related components stood at US$ 1.23 billion from April 2000- June 2021.