Indian Electronic Industry



ELCINA was established in 1967 while India's Electronics industry was still in its infancy. Since then the organization is well known as an interactive forum for electronics and IT manufacturers. Including the basic objective of promoting hardware manufacturing through active representation and advice to the Government, it has been also networking with national and international technical institutions and business promotion bodies to further the interests of its members. Today, in this increasingly liberalised environment, there is greater and more focus on professional and value-added services rendered by the Association to the Electronics and IT Community.

As India's oldest and largest electronics association, Elcina has always remained committed to the promotion of the electronics manufacturing culture in the country, which is mostly focusing on components - the building blocks of electronics industry. Elcina, now has been renamed as Elcina electronic industries association of India, and even widened its horizons and broadened its activities to include the development of the entire electronics and its hardware, including components and assemblies, consumer electronics, telecoms, IT, industrial/professional, defense/strategic electronics and other emerging areas like medical and automobile electronics, embedded systems and hardware design. Elcina has been continuing to work towards correlating the common interest of electronic hardware manufacturers with that of manufacturers of electronic materials, machinery and service providers, for accelerating growth. Elcina has taken much initiative to create awareness on issues impacting hardware manufacturing, such as policy and environmental developments, drawing up a well-defined agenda for both the government as well as the industry.

Elcina believes that government and the industry are required to work together to stimulate manufacturing and catalyse an IT/Electronics boom so that it is sustainable. In sync with this philosophy, Elcina is most persistently working for changes that would strengthen India's electronics and its manufacturing base and make it a leader on the world electronics map. ELCINA has been committed to the promotion of electronics manufacturing culture in the country focusing on components-the building blocks of electronics industry.

Organizational structure
Electronic Industry

ELCINA, as an ISO 9001:2008 Association (certified by UL), constantly endeavours to upgrade services which include, among others, active industry-government interface and networking with key decision making bodies with quick and effective representation to government and continuous follow up on policy. Swift dissemination of the most relevant information/data, circulars and notifications using electronic media and providing value added information and updates as well as promoting business with the support of ELCINA's dynamic website.

Publications, Reports and Surveys to capture the latest in the industry. Training Programmes, conferences, workshops on emerging business practices and quality, Self Empowerment Programmes (SEPs such as Six Sigma Black Belt, TQM, TPM, Environment Management, Scheduling, Customer Satisfaction, Benchmarking, etc.Advisory and Consultancy services, infrastructure support for business meets, conferences and promotional activities at ELCINA's Conference and Committee Room,Annual Awards for Excellence, and permanent Product Display Facility at ELCINA House, including virtual display in the ELCINA website are some of its other services.

The interests of members are best served by catering to the larger interest of the country. Also keeping in mind the sweeping pace of liberalisation and the integration with the global economy, ELCINA services are constantly evaluated and upgraded to suit the best interest of its members and the global electronics community.

In its endeavor is to catalyse the flow of investment funds and rapid growth of the Indian Electronics industry, ELCINA had launched its consultancy services. Apart from in-house database and expertise, which is ELCINA's consultancy division, it has tie-ups with three professional organisations with sound track record records and expertise in the electronic industry.

These tie-ups help to tailor the client's projects to their specific requirement and allocate optimum skilled manpower and time for each project. The tie-ups also enable to take up diverse projects from different clients simultaneously and also adhere to tight deadlines.

Quality and Standards
India manufactures high grade components conforming to international standards which are extensively exported to prestigious clients in USA, Europe and the Far East. Quality approvals are granted by recognised international agencies (i.e., BVQI, DNV, LRQA, TUV) and STQC - a govt. body renders necessary support to Indian companies through its 22 labs located across the country.

There are currently more than 95 Indian electronic component companies with ISO-9000 certification and 44 having quality and safety approvals from international agencies like UL (USA), AFNOR (France), VDE (Germany) & CSA (Canada), etc.

STQC (Standardisation, Testing and Quality Certification) which usually provides infrastructure support for product quality and standards in India. To gain international the most of the acceptability and recognition, STQC has signed MOUs with leading international quality organisations like BSI QA (UK), JQA (Japan), KAITECH (Korea), CEPREI (China), UL (USA), VDE (Germany), NSAI (Ireland), HKQAA (HongKong) for mutual recognition of certification and testing services.

Consultancy assignments taken up by ELCINA include: Product/Market Survey, Demand Projection, Feasibility Studies, Entry Strategies, Expansion and Diversion Stratagies, Technology Upgradation, Joint Venture, Partner Search and Strategic Alliances, Revival Strategies to turn around sick Electronic Units.

The Electronics Industry in India took off around 1965 with an orientation towards space and defence technologies. This was rigidly controlled and initiated by the government. This was followed by the major developments in consumer electronics mainly with transistor radios, Black and White TV, Calculators and other audio products. Colour Televisions soon followed. In 1982-a significant year in the history of television in India - the government allowed thousands of colour TV sets to be imported into the country to coincide with the broadcast of the Asian Games in New Delhi. 1985 saw the advent of Computers and Telephone exchanges, which were succeeded by Digital Exchanges in 1988.

Electronics Industry
The period between 1984 and 1990 was the golden period for electronics during which the industry witnessed continuous and rapid growth. From 1991 onwards, the economic crises triggered by the Gulf Warwas followed by political and economic uncertainties within the country. Pressure on the electronics industry remained though growth and developments have continued with digitalisation in all sectors, and more recently the trend towards convergence of technologies. After the software boom in mid 1990's India's focus shifted to software.

The hardware sector was treated with indifference by successive governments. Moreover the steep fall in custom tariffs made the hardware sector suddenly vulnerable to international competition. In 1997 the ITA agreement was signed at the WTO where India committed itself to total elimination of all customs duties on IT hardware by 2005. In the subsequent years, a number of companies turned sick and had to be closed down. At the same time companies like Moser Baer, Samtel Colour, Celetronix etc. have made a mark globally.

ELCINA Electronic Industries Association of India

(Formerly Electronic Component Industries Association)
ELCINA House, 422 Okhla Industrial Estate
New Delhi, INDIA-110020
Tel : +91 (011) 26924597, 26928053 Fax : 26923440
E-mail : [email protected]

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